Educational Resources






We'll canoe another 2/5 tomorrow - example from like denominators (common denominator) lesson
To add fractions there are three simple steps: Step 1: Make sure the bottom numbers (the denominators) are the same. Step 2: Add the top numbers (the numerators), put that answer over the denominator. Step 3: Simplify the fraction (if needed) We believe that children learn from multiple examples in multiple situations. I’m sure you, oh […]

Math Lesson – Adding like fractions (with a common denominator)


Spirit Lake has multiplication word problems
In nearly 30 years teaching and consulting on American Indian reservations, I’ve seen a dismaying number of failures to provide a good education. In the movie, Mask, the mother of a boy with a noticeable physical disfigurement is trying to register him for middle school. The principal says,  Perhaps a […]

Failing Native American students: Let me count the ways




It’s the end of the week and that means that it’s time for the Freebie Friday. Today’s freebie is a video on how tobacco is considered sacred by most Native American tribes. The video talks about the way that tribes use tobacco and the reasons behind it. You can view […]

Freebie Friday: Tobacco is Considered Sacred by Most Native American ...



Spirit Lake - game teaching multiplication, division and Dakota history
Several years ago, Dr. Erich Longie and I participated in an analysis of the NIES database where we found that the more native youth learned their culture and language in school, the worse their math scores. This finding held true even when we controlled for socioeconomic indicators like mother’s education. […]

Including Native American culture in your math class





3/3 = 1 : Converting a fraction when adding and subtracting fractions with a common denominator
 Students often struggle with multi-step problems for a lot of reasons. In my experience, the most common one is they stop too soon. For example, in the first lesson below, the student may add up the fractions of the rice gathered by each of the two sisters and stop there. […]

Adding and Subtracting fractions with a Common Denominator: Multi-step problems